Just as justice is starting to win across the country, prosecutors, police, and their allies are once again trying to use fear to defeat it.

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In January 2020, bipartisan, measured, and common sense bail laws began in New York State. New York ended cash bail for most low-level offenses: misdemeanors & non-violent felonies.These modest reforms are simply a continuation of the steady decline in people detained pretrial all while crime rates have plummeted. But prosecutors and police have launched a coordinated campaign of fear and mistruths to roll back these reforms. They're using the same polarizing scare tactics that created mass incarceration to perpetuate it. We must reject their fear. 

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Pledge to spread the truth about Justice Reform

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Justice Is_
Incarceration
Public Health & Safety
Punishment
Accountability & Healing
Packed Criminal Courtrooms
Community Investment
Overpoliced Black & Latino Neighborhoods
Equity

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Ending cash bail is key to making communities safer and ending the perpetuation of oppression. In the United States, we have a crushing, costly, unhealthy, and discriminatory system known as “mass incarceration,” born from slavery, nurtured through the Jim Crow south, and vastly expanded in the second half of the 20th Century through the passage of tens of thousands of irrational, harsh, and expensive laws including pretrial detention. We know now that community investment, treatment, affordable housing, and living wage jobs are better for public health and safety than arrests, prosecutions, and incarceration. We know this from rigorous studies. We also know through experience.

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Let's take a breath, New York. We should not delay justice, especially not for the sake of fears manufactured by those who make political careers out of them.

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New York

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Common Sense Reform Passed & Is Already Working in New York State

New York bail reform, ending cash bail for most misdemeanors and non-violent felonies, is already working. Thousands of people statewide have been released from jail or released after arrest without bail ever being set. Parents and children have been reunited, people have been transferred to mental health or addiction treatment, and supervised release programs have connected people with the services they actually need to turn their lives around.

THE TRUTH: Less incarceration saves lives and money, and makes communities safer and healthier, all while maintaining high appearance rates in court. 

Bail Reform Facts

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New Yorkers should not give any credence to the exaggerated worst-case scenarios of police and prosecutors. We've already seen the real scenario: Lives and money saved. Safer communities.

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Demystifying New York Bail Reform

NEW YORK BAIL REFORM IS A CONTINUATION OF A MEASURED, STEADY DECLINE IN INCARCERATION AND CRIME

In NYC, jail rates have decreased by 74% over the last 3 decades (from 21,674 in 1991 to 5,674 in 2020) as major felony crimes have simultaneously dropped by nearly 82%. In Brooklyn, most people charged w/ misdemeanors & non-violent felonies have been released for years violent crime rate has plummeted to historic lows in the same period. Within the first week of reform, there have also been major drops in the number of people in jail in counties like Herkimer and Onondaga, with no upticks in crime.

Vera Institute of Justice on Danger of Selective Use of Short-Term Crime Statistics

New York tried giving judges discretion for decades. It didn't work.

The new bail law only takes away judicial discretion to set bail in misdemeanors and non-violent felonies. Judges still retain discretion and set bail when allegations involve violent felonies. Despite New York having the most progressive bail law in the country for decades--a strong presumption in favor of release, the rejection of the concept of labelling people as “dangerous” or expecting judges to predict the future, the availability of multiple forms of bail intended to ensure more people were released—judges routinely and purposefully set bail in amounts people could not afford. 

The problem was not the previous bail law we had. It was trusting that judges would follow its words and spirit. That said, the new bail law does create more tools for judges and law enforcement to monitor people being released pretrial. All people facing criminal allegations will now be subject to a wide range of supervision options, and all are at the discretion of the judge.  

Judicial discretion under bail law

New York has never allowed judges to do so. Albany explicitly rejected it.

Allowing Judges to try to predict "dangerousness" is dangerous. Kalief Browder, the national symbol of the need for bail reform, would have been deemed dangerous, detained on Rikers, and still traumatized to death. A so-called "dangerousness" standard allows a judge to deem someone a threat to the public safety based on nothing more than a suspicion. The judge would be able to strip away a person’s liberty for months, if not years, based on a suspicion. A dangerousness standard would only increase the already egregious racial disparities and inequities in our criminal legal system. Ending cash bail does not require the creation of another mechanism to incarcerate people pretrial. Armed with even more power and discretion to do so, judges will do so. 

Bail Reform Only Benefits People charged with misdemeanors and non-violent felonies

The new bail laws, derived from years of advocacy and experience, are an incremental step of simply disallowing bail to be set on people charged with misdemeanors and non-violent felonies, all while increasing the availability of pretrial services for individuals who need. In the end, lawmakers decided to continue to allow judges to retain the discretion to jail (or release) people, who are accused of a violent felony, if on the individual facts of the case and circumstances of the person before them, that makes sense. This is essentially the same policy that has always been in effect, but today, there are more options for services, including non-jail supervision and electronic monitoring that were not previously available.

List of Offenses Eligible for Bail

Bail reform took years of research, negotiation, and consideration from all sides

Bail reform didn’t just happen overnight. This was a process that took years of research, activism, negotiation and consideration. Everyone who needed to be a part of the process was. Stakeholders across the board were a part of negotiations, including prosecutors and police, despite their protestations that they were not, and the result is a bail law that decreases mass pretrial jailing, advances racial and socioeconomic justice, and makes our communities safer. Studies show that pretrial incarceration actually increases future crime.

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Dear New York Senate Democrats: You cannot jail your way out of mass incarceration

"Allowing a judge to lock someone away based on speculation and guesswork, under the guise of “discretion,” will not make anyone safer. It will, however, stifle real bail reform by exacerbating racial disparities in the justice system and increasing pre-trial detention across the state."

Senate Democrats just announced plans to cave to the fear & racism of police, prosecutors, and white nationalists to kill bail reform just one month after it began. They claim their "compromise" to give judges greater discretion to jail people is still "progressive." It is anything but.

Read the Letter from 100+ Organizations Analysis of Regressive Senate Bail Proposal

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The Truth About NY Bail Reform

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Experience elsewhere and ample research show that there is no reason to believe New York’s reforms will lead to mayhem, or endanger the public.

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New York police & prosecutors are using fear & lies to perpetuate the costly injustice of bail:

Bail is Unfair

34%
more likely to be convicted because of the pressure to plead guilty to get released
36%
of people jailed on bail pretrial are more likely to be sentenced to prison.
73%
of crime victims support ending pretrial detention for misdemeanors & non-violent felonies

Bail is Unecessary

95%
of people return to court when released pretrial & not jailed
50%
decline in NYC's jail population in past 5 years while crime rate is lower than ever before

Bail is costly

$925
per day
to incarcerate someone on Rikers Island
$92
million
total spent by the largest counties outside NYC on pretrial detention annually
$28
million
in lost wages per year

Bail is Dangerous

7.5%
more likely to be rearrested in the two years following release from Rikers
370
people have died in NYC jails since 2001

Bail is Racist

89%
of people jailed pretrial on Rikers Island are Black or Latino
60%
jailed outside of NYC are Black or Latino, despite making up far smaller percentages of the population

Bail is Devastating

While a person’s life crumbles behind bars, on the outside, bills are left unpaid, hard won jobs are lost, families are kicked out of their homes, & loved ones in need of caretaking are left without caretakers & breadwinners.

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The injustice of bail in New York

Prior to bail reform, thousands of people were kept jailed in counties across New York State, while awaiting trial. This practice persisted despite the incredible cost of incarceration and the fact that the majority of arrests were for misdemeanors.

Use this map to explore the statistics of pre-trial detention by county.

Label County

Value X

Label A: Value A
Label F: Value F
Label M: Value M

Label Y Value Y

Label C:
Value C per day, per person

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Dear Members of the New York Press Club:

45 leading law professors and justice reform experts, including law professors from several New York City area colleges, signed a letter criticizing sensationalist news coverage. "If we want a truly just system and a safer community, we must move forward using facts, not fear, to guide us. We ask that you reject this harmful reporting and meaningfully engage New Yorkers in this effort."

Read the full letter

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The Daily Debunk:

Rapid Response to Lies, Mistruths, & Fearmongering

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Report Fear

We need your help fighting back against fearmongering. Please help us collect, report, and hold accountable those who are trying to use fear to defeat commonsense justice reform.

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As they* continue to peddle fear, let us spread the truth. Because truth and justice are greater than fear.

*prosecutors, police, & their allies

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Share Real Bail Stories

Right now, pro-carceral law enforcement and prosecutors are cherry-picking outlier cases to fear-monger and try to defeat New York's bail reform.Right now, pro-carceral law enforcement and prosecutors are cherry-picking outlier cases to fear-monger and try to defeat New York's bail reform.

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Contact New York Lawmakers

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